The Collie descended from Scottish herding dogs. When the Romans invaded, their dogs were crossed with native Scottish dogs. Early shepherds began crossing the short-tailed and long-tailed shepherd dogs and the result was the superb animal with an aristocratic bearing that we know today.
Rough (long coated) and the Smooth (short coated) both have long chiselled heads. They come in 3 recognised colours Sable/White, Tricolour & Blue Merle.
Grooming and Physical Needs
- Grooming Needs: A good brushing once or twice a week is sufficient, a bath every 4 to 6 weeks in summer weather and less frequently in cooler weather. A good rub down with a wet flannel will remove surface grime and freshen between baths.
- Coat Type: The outer coat straight and harsh to the touch, the undercoat soft, furry and very close. Rough – Long, double coated. Smooth – Short, double coated.
- Moulting: Moderate shedding, generally twice a year, less for desexed pets.
- Exercise Needs: A daily walk, free running and play time with a ball etc. are recommended, will easily adapt to family circumstances.
- Average Life Span: 12 – 14 years.
- Family: An excellent family dog who like to be regarded as a member of the family. They are not a dog to be left in the yard with very little human contact.
- Temperament: Happy, gentle nature with a friendly disposition and no trace of nervousness or aggression. Get on well with other dogs and household pets & loyal companions for children.
- Trainability: Intelligent & easy to train, respond to love and affection rather than harsh discipline.
- Sociability (Other Pets): Excellent with other dogs and pets.
- Barking: High tendency, will bark if bored (as will any dog).
The breed is agile and easy to train, participating in various disciplines, i.e. obedience, agility, flyball and herding.
Collies (Rough & Smooth) are generally very healthy dogs, Eye Anomaly (CEA) and Hip dysplasia can be a problem. Not all heartworm medications are safe for Collies.