The Samoyed takes its name from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia and these nomadic reindeer herders bred the fluffy white dogs to help with the herding, and to pull sleds when they moved. An alternate name for the breed, especially in Europe is Bjelkier.


Medium sized Spitz breed, erect, pricked ears and a tail curling over its back.

Grooming and Physical Needs

  • Grooming Needs: Good comb once a week or fortnight. Shaving is not recommended as this actually reduces their ability to cope with the climate.
  • Coat Type: The body should be well covered with a thick, close, soft and short undercoat, with harsh hair growing through it, forming the outer coat, which should stand straight away from the body and be free from curl.
  • Moulting: Seasonal heavy moulting.
  • Exercise Needs: Moderate, reasonable amount of exercise both on and off the lead.
  • Average Life Span: 12 – 14 years.


  • Family: Like to spend a lot of time with owner & be a part of the family. Must look after the coat & make sure the dog gets sufficient exercise. Good with children and other pets.
  • Temperament: Friendly, outgoing and devoted dog. They are protective of their homes but are usually too friendly to be used as guard dogs.
  • Trainability: They are an intelligent, independent breed and can get bored easily, but regular training in short bursts with a reward system is usually effective.
  • Sociability (Other Pets): Excellent with other dogs and pets.
  • Barking: Medium tendency.


Versatile breed which excel in herding, agility, flyball.


As they are a very social breed they can be very forward when meeting other dogs. This is just something to be aware of as other dogs may find this behaviour confrontational even though it is not aggressive.