Originated from the arctic origin. In the 18th century the Keeshond was known as “a dog of the people.” It is believed that the Keeshond comes from a variety from different breeds such as the Samoyed, Chow Chow, Finnish Spitz, Norwegian Elkhound, and Pomeranian. They were used as guard dogs on riverboats, barges and farms.


Compact & little with a strong resemblance to its ancestor the Samoyed. Coat being long, straight and harsh, whilst the undercoat is soft and downy. The coat stands away from the body.

Grooming and Physical Needs

  • Grooming Needs: Daily brushing of the long coat with a stiff bristle brush is important when they are moulting. Remember to brush with the grain first, then lift the hair with a comb, against the grain, lay it back in place. Bathe once every two weeks in the warmer months and bathe once a month in the colder months.
  • Coat Type: Coat is double layered with the outer coat being long, straight and harsh, whilst the undercoat is soft and downy.
  • Moulting: Heavy shedding, the dense undercoat will shed twice a year, normally is spring and autumn.
  • Exercise Needs: A daily walk recommended, they require regular mental and physical stimulation.
  • Average Life Span: 12 to 15 years.


  • Family: Requires love and attention, if they become bored they can become destructive and develop separation anxiety. Naturally good with children.
  • Temperament: Intelligent, eager to learn and active.
  • Trainability: Intelligent and eager to learn, training them is fairly easy.
  • Sociability (Other Pets): Naturally good with other dogs but they need to be introduced to other animals when they are still puppies.
  • Barking: They like to bark and are good watchdogs because of its notable gift for warning of danger.


Often successful in obedience and agility trails.


Breed can be prone to hip dysplasia, skin problems and heart disease.