An ancient breed, dating back to 2000BC, when spotted dogs appeared on Greek friezes and tablets, showing them working with the chariots of ancient Greece, Rome and Egypt. Over the years Dalmatians have been used as dogs of war, border patrols, cart pullers, sheep herders, dogs of the hunt, circus performers and, of course, coaching dogs. The dogs were adopted in the 1800’s by fire departments.


Unique spotted coats; black or liver spots on a white background. Their outline is square, showing them to be well-balanced, strong, muscular dogs.

Grooming and Physical Needs

  • Grooming Needs: Because of their short and hard hairs, the breed do not require onerous grooming and clipping. Once a week run a grooming mitt over their coats to remove dead hairs, finishing off with a soft cloth to promote shine.
  • Coat Type: Short, hard and dense, sleek and glossy in appearance.
  • Moulting: Moderate due to the short hairs.
  • Exercise Needs: As puppies, do not over-exercise dalmatians. Incredible endurance and are able to travel at a moderate pace almost indefinitely so must be given sufficient running time to build up and maintain the muscled outline. Because of their hunting instincts they love to run, jump and climb.
  • Average Life Span: 10 – 12 years.


  • Family: Mild-mannered, affectionate dogs who enjoy company and clowning about. However, their strength and stamina can sometimes be too much of a challenge for some owners. Dals take at least 2 years to settle down.
  • Temperament: Outgoing and friendly dogs, free from nervousness and aggression, dedicated and loyal and always want to please.
  • Trainability: Easy to train as they have a willing nature and an eagerness to please.
  • Sociability (Other Pets): Live well with other pets.
  • Barking: Low tendency.


Love to run, jump and climb.


Deafness presents a major problem to the breed.